When you brush or floss your teeth and notice your gums bleeding, you may have cause for concern. This is especially true if swelling is present. A receding gum line is also a reason to have your gums examined. These are symptoms of a periodontal issue, and early diagnosis of the problem can prevent further complications. Early treatment can prevent bone loss and eventual tooth loss.
Cause of Bleeding, Swollen or Receding Gums
One of the major causes of bleeding, swollen and receding gums is periodontal disease. Gingivitis makes the gums irritated, inflamed and may cause bleeding during brushing or flossing. There are also medical conditions and medications that can cause these symptoms.
Genetics can play a role in some situations. When genetics are involved, even proper oral hygiene may not be enough to stop gum disease. This is the case for about 30% of the general population.
Females tend to be more susceptible to gum disease during times of hormonal changes. Puberty, pregnancy and menopause are marked by changes in hormone levels. These are also the times when some females develop gum disease. The gums can become more sensitive, and they may recede.
Receding gums can also be a result of brushing your teeth too hard. Using a hard bristle tooth brush and applying too much pressure can wear down the gums and tooth enamel over time.
The extent and cause of the problem dictates the most effective treatment. In most instances, especially when the disease is detected early, a thorough cleaning, scaling and root planing may be enough to halt further damage. For those who are vulnerable due to genetics, hormonal changes or medications, more frequent visits to the dentist for cleaning and monitoring of the disease may be necessary.
In severe cases, antibiotics may be required to stop an infection. Surgery could be necessary to repair the gums. In these situations, ongoing treatment is needed before the disease is brought under control.
If you notice any of these symptoms, please contact Aesthetic & Implant Dentistry of Atlanta right away. Do not let gum disease lead to tooth loss. Early detection and treatment yields a healthier, brighter smile.